Consultant on Gender Analysis, ChildFund Swipe Safe project

Program · Hanoi, Vietnam
Department Program
Employment Type Consultant

BACKGROUND

The penetration of online activity into the daily life of young people has increased their exposure to all forms of violence, child sexual exploitation and abuse (CSEA), as detailed in the 2016 Child Online Protection Capacity Assessment undertaken by the Ministry of Labour, Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) and UNICEF. At any one time, 750,000 individuals are estimated to be looking to connect with children for sexual purposes online and more than one-third of young people report being a victim of online bullying (EVAC: “Key messages and stats” -2019).


In July 2017, ChildFund launched a new project on “Helping young people to make the most of the online world” called ChildFund Swipe Safe. The first phase was implemented in 37 schools in 6 districts of 3 provinces: Hoa Binh, Bac Kan and Cao Bang city, reaching nearly 12,000 young people (aged 11-18) and 2,700 parents and 700 teachers. The underlying theory of change in this phase is that through the education, training and empowerment of young people, parents and teachers, alongside existing child protection structures, young people will be protected from online risks.


Following up the results of Swipe Safe phase one, the next phase will work towards the goal that girls and boys in Vietnam are protected from online violence through a strengthened child protection system, starting from April 2021 to June 2024. Besides continuing to provide online safety education systematically through Education and Youth Union system, ChildFund will seek to build capacities for frontline workers on child online protection (COP) so that boys and girls are able to receive child-focus and gender-sensitive support services.


In consultation with young people during implementation and end-line evaluation, we realized that while boys and girls are facing unique vulnerabilities in the online world, there is a lack of in-depth knowledge into these differences in Vietnam and other parts of the region. Although what we know is still limited, here are some initial gender analysis on child online:


  • Girls are more likely than boys to be both victims and perpetrators of cyber bullying. According to one study, 15% of teen girls have been the target of total abusive online behaviours, as compared with 6% of teen boys (“Battle of the sexes” research, 2012). Contrary to common assumption that boys are more likely to be involved and be the main perpetrators of all forms of bullying, the research found that girls also participated at significant rates in bullying that involves emotional and psychological abuse. Females were 2.53 times more likely to post gossip about others with the intent to hurt them, in the past year, than males. Current educational materials on cyberbullying or COP in general will need to be adjusted to bring more gender-based issues into focused discussion on types of online abuse both experienced and perpetrated by girls and boys.
  • It is often considered that most victims of sexual abuse and exploitation are girls and that rates of sexual abuse against boys are insignificant. However, a significant proportion of boys depicted in unidentified images and videos in the INTERPOL’s ICSE Database highlights closer attention to this group is needed. 64.8% of unidentified abusive media files depicted female children, 31.1% depicted male children and in 4.1% both male and female victims. It was noted that when boys were depicted in the abuse, it was more likely to be severe or involve paraphilic theme (“Toward a global indicator on unidentified victims in CSEA materials” – 2018). It is important for the project to challenge this norm through the education and raising awareness activities for both public audience and child-support service providers.


These initial findings helped us understand that we need to deliver an approach where online experiences and needs of boys and girls should be considered separately. In order to do that, ChildFund Swipe Safe phase two will conduct a focused gender assessment on child safety issues on online environment to look into these problems through a gender lens.


PURPOSE


Building upon the knowledge and result of ChildFund Swipe Safe phase one, an in-depth gender assessment will be undertaken to:


  1. Identify gender-based vulnerabilities, needs, and responses of boys and girls in the online world
  2. Help inform the more gender-responsive adaptation of project Swipe Safe phase two (delivery approaches, indicators and training materials)
  3. Build a training program for ChildFund staff on gender in COP
  4. Provide an evidence-based insight to policy makers and development partners on gender in COP.


Please find detailed TOR here.


APPLICATION PACKAGE


Please send a short Expression of Interest (3-8 pages) including:

  1. Technical review & proposed methodology
  2. Financial proposal based on provided allocated funding (including daily rates and PIT detail)
  3. CV of consultant (or consultant team)


APPLICATION DEADLINE: 8th June 2021

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  • Location
    Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Department
    Program
  • Employment Type
    Consultant